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Found 19 results

  1. Akinomaki

    Gunbai from gift shop at kokugikan

    The one side shows 天下泰平 tenka-taihei - peace reigns over the land - an eternal motto in Japan the other side has the motto of the house of Yoshida Tsukasa, the ones who handed out the yokozuna licensee in the past; 一味清風 hitoaji/ichimi-seifu - unique fresh wind both are standard inscriptions on a gumbai, though this is a mini-version
  2. Akinomaki

    Kyoto sumo yokozuna

    You might sometimes read about past yokozuna that are not on the NSK official list - they likely were licensed by the house of Gojo from Kyoto sumo and not the official house of Yoshida Tsukasa from Edo sumo. Here is the list of these yokozuna - those with a black star were also licensed by the Yoshidas - the official number in a circle, year of license, shusshin and the head of the house of Gojo that had issued the license The first 3: Tamagaki, Kashiwado, Inazuma o o o the present head of the house of Gojo told the story of how his house saved the idea of yokozuna from being abandoned o The house of Yoshida Tsukasa had received from the shogun the privilege to issue licenses for yokozuna - not a rank then, just an honor and the task to perform a dohyo-iri. They had given licenses to Tanikaze and Onogawa - and that was it: the first 3 (mythical) yokozuna were added in the Meiji era -- then for nearly 40 years no new yokozuna by the Yoshidas. The house of Gojo from Kyoto revived the rank and began to issue licenses - officially having received the order from the Imperial court - Edo the capital of the shogun, Kyoto that of the tenno. That after a while woke up the Yoshidas and they started again to license yokozuna - a long confrontation began. The house of Gojo licensed 16 yokuzana, mainly from Osaka and Kyoto sumo. Most are ozeki in Edo sumo as well, for others I show the highest DB rank - some are not in the DB. 4-16: Jinmaku, Onogawa (sekiwake), Hachijin wiki 八陣調五郎, Kozuzan 高越山 谷五郎 こうづざん, Kabutogata 甲潟 彌吉 かぶとがた やきち 小結(京都) 兜形, Sakaigawa, Asahidake, Umegatani, Isokaze (komusubi), Nishinoumi, Konishiki, Oikari, Wakashima Nice find for the missing ones: The sumo museum has an exhibition about Osaka sumo right now - Hachijin: o Of course Jonosuke had told some stories about the yokozuna licensed by the house of Gojo
  3. Akinomaki

    Wakanohana 1, Takanohana 2 Tsuyuharai/Tachimochi

    The first ever dohyo-iri at the Meiji shrine is also something to mark as special - I don't know about the one from Wakanohana, but that custom had started with Chiyonoyama when the NSK took over from the house of Yoshida Tsukasa the right to hand out the yokozuna license. Having ozeki in it is quite common. For Taka, his brother can be added to the list
  4. Jonosuke

    Asa's Day 3 Dohyo-iri - a question

    Actually the current custom is Tsuyuharai-Yokozuna-Tachimochi in that order but then it has not been always done that way. In the Edo era, yokozuna went up on the dohyo alone, leaving the two attendants below the dohyo. It's also customary to see Tachimochi to right of yokozuna but that was not always the case either. There is one theory that a yokozuna had a sword carrier because he was once under sponsorship of regional lord and was considered to be a samurai but then that's only a theory also. Another theory has it the House of Yoshida Tsukasa wanted to elevate the status of yokozuna so they had insisted to have the carrier accompany the yokozuna. Asashoryu rushing back to the dressing room leaving his attendants behind may be a bit out of protocol but then he may needed to go to the washroom or something. It should not be something the traditionalists all wiled up as if so, they have to have the yokozuna going alone on the dohyo to do the ceremony.
  5. Jonosuke

    The mystery of Raiden Tameemon

    I will give one definitive answer to all those wandering and wondering few. At the time of Raiden as we know there was no yokozuna rank per se. It was nothing more than a license to perform a dohyo-iri in sumo tournaments and other public occasions like a shrine opening. Since the House of Yoshida Tsukasa only granted the yokozuna licenses to Tanikaze and Onogawa (there is no evidence the first three ever received the license from them or even existed) basically at the same time, such custom was not really in place. At the time it may have been considered to be simply as one time only thing for Tanikaze and Onogawa for their bout. Raiden was already an ozeki, the highest rank on the banzuke and the House of Yoshida Tsukasa really didn't come to their sense until 30 years later to give one to Onomatsu. Likely Raiden himself didn't think of it as a big deal as it never made any difference for banzuke ranking, renumeration, status or treatment. All the other stuff you hear about him are the stuff that more or less legends are made but fun to hear.
  6. Jonosuke

    Evolution of Sumo

    Actually so called 48 techniques of sumo came about during the Edo Era. Basically there were so many out of work samurai, peasants and other assorted characters around, sumo competitions were held all over the place. But there were endless episodes of fights breaking out during the competitions that the governments more or less put a cease and desist order on all sumo tournaments as they were really into controlling the natives those days. A while later though an influential promoter or two surfaced to hold the tournaments after receiving a limited license to have one at a respected venue like a shrine and temple. They also instituted certain rules so that things would not get out of hand like drawing lines to separate the spectators from the competitors. In the eras of Kamakura and Heian, sumo competitions were held only for the emperors and high ranked officials so there was no need for any type of rule as the competitors were all invited rank and file samurai who participated in these events frequently so they knew more or less the ropes. They had bouts in the garden of Imperial House where all guests gathered around sipping sake and tea while watching two guys going against each other. A gyoji only appeared at the time of Nobunaga Oda (I think it was around 1570) as he was passionate about sumo and he held frequent sumo tournaments. I believe we still have a roof that was used by Nobunaga for these tournaments somewhere in Aichi Prefecture. Anyway we can say the true beginning of organized sumo as we know of it today started with Nobunaga as one can trace back Shonosuke Kimura and the House of Yoshida Tsukasa to Nobunaga's sumo tournaments.
  7. Jonosuke


    While Ozumo did not exist more or less in the present format nor was not ritualized until the Edo Era, we would have no difficulty thinking it was sumo if we saw the bout in the Sumo Sechie era as basically the sumo combat forms were set in this era and carried forth to the Kamakura and Sengoku eras. But you are right about the dohyo as they did not have a dohyo back then. The Sumo Sechie event was only for the high royalty and it was of a ceremonial nature but once sumo was spread to farmers and others, they may have simply drawn a circle or whatever dividing line between the combatants and spectators. Once sumo was more formalized, they started to using a Kataya (a structure found in a shrine with a roof and four poles) as their sumo ground so conceivably initially sumo dohyo may have been a square. The current dohyo matsuri ceremony may have been started by Tsukasa Yoshida who have traditionally appointed gyoji and yokozuna. Oikaze of the House of Tsukasa Yoshida was said to have built a dohyo in one night for a special sumo exhibition for the Lord Ienari Tokugawa in 1791.
  8. I am not sure what you mean by the official rules of sumo but if you have gone back 150 years and witness Tanikaze and Onogawa bout, you will recognize it as a sumo bout. The shikiri and dohyo itself were different. Up to a certain time there were two dohyo rings and dohyo size and shikiri lines weren't identical to what we have now. As for their pay scale, there were no consistent salary structures as mostly the current system was put in place after 1950 or so. Prior to the Meiji Era you can think of sumo as what we have now for professional wrestling. One time there were all kinds of promoters started up sumo tournaments all over Japan. These events tended to attract unemployed samurais and drifters and the authorities decided to enforce them with strict control. And this was a start of more official sumo tournaments centering around Tokyo (Edo), Kyoto and Osaka with an official permission from the local authority. The banzuke's "Gomen Koumuru" writing is a relic of those times as they needed to post the "Gomen" plate at their venue to show they had a license to have the public exhibition. Retired rikishis felt they needed to form an organized group with other like minded rikishi so they could operate regularly scheduled tournaments and the toshiyori names they took still remain with us to this day. Initially there was no establishment as what we know today as a heya but the need arose after the Meiji Era when sumo became more commercial minded enterprise. The House of Yoshida Tsukasa has been authorized to act as an official purveyor and overseer of sumo and they licensed yokozuna and gyoji as well as other professional workers for sumo events held throughout Japan but they mostly focused their efforts in the Tokyo Sumo. Their influence became stronger with the success of Tokyo Sumo, the predecessor of the current Kyokai. The relationship with the House of Yoshida Tsukasa started from the time of Lord Nobunaga Oda to yokozuna Chiiyonoyama.
  9. Actually I don't know any single book that can offer you the information in English. Old Sumo World magazines used to have some information as well as I recall a brief history on Mina Hall's excellent sumo book. But I can briefly get you going and whet your appetite. As you can imagine with the arrival of the new Meiji Era and all the confusion surrounding the demise of old feudal system wrecked a havoc in Ozumo. In the Edo era rikishis were under the care of regional lords. Basically they were employed as samurai and whenever there was a tournament, they competed for their lord. They did not have to make a living competing as rikishi as a full time employment. With the new age, they had to give up their sword and were even threantened to cut their mage. They were only able to keep the mage as there were enough politicians who loved sumo. But the people's perception on sumo was downright ugly as sumo was dismissed simply as a relic from the old era. The popularity of sumo fell drastically as the general public considered it as nothing more than a barbaric naked dance. Rikishi worked hard to reverse the trend by helping to build what is now known as the Yasukuni Shrine as well as becoming firefighters. But the rikishi had to be on their own to earn a living. Sumo Kyokai did not change and they operated exactly the same way as before. There was no formal salary structure for rikishi to get paid even if they competed for a full basho. There were often troubles between rikishi and a few oyakatas who controlled the operation and pocketted all profits. In the second year of Meji, the 12th yokozuna Jinmaku returned to Osaka to develop Osaka sumo. He started to organizing Osaka sumo getting active support from local businessmen (current sumo term "Tanimachi" meaning supporters of rikishi comes from an area in Osaka called Tanimachi where these supporters were initially located). With the shift of sumo acttivities to Osaka and Kyoto encouraged the House of Gojyo, Kyoto based rival and nemesis of the House of Yoshida Tsukasa to seize the power from the Yoshida by granting yokozuna license to no less than four rikishi to Osaka and Kyoto sumo. With their wild issuing of yokozuna license, the authority of yokozuna plummetted and it also contributed to more demise of publicly held sumo tournaments. What likely saved Ozumo to a complete collapse was the Meiji Emperor's attendance of a sumo exhibition in 1884 which saw the birth of new yokzouna Umegatani Totaro (who specifically requestd the license from the House of Yoshida Tsukasa). Umegatani faced (later ozeki) Odate Uzaemon which ended in a draw after a mizu-iri (Odate grabbed Umegatani's mawashi so hard that he could not get his hands to come off). The Emperor was so pleased with their efforts and soon people started to flocking back to the basho.
  10. Jonosuke

    A couple of questions concerning Gyojis

    Do the gyojis live in the heyas? - No different than rikishis. Most Juryo and above ranked gyojis do have a family so they live close to their heya. Do the young ones do chores? - Yes. Actually gyojis have a ton of duty, official and otherwise. A young gyoji does a tsukebito duty for a senior gyoji. How much are they getting paid ? - Yes they have a set salary but we are not sure what it is. How can one become a gyoji? - Connections through a heya owining oyakata and other gyojis, one finds out there is an opening and applies for it. They have an age qualification like rikishi's but not much else except a good moral character. Why are they called "Kimura" or "Shikimori" ? - Actually there is a whole story behind the houses of Kimura and Shikimori but suffice to say they are the only two remaining 'houses" of gyojis. There were others historically. Gyojis have had a long standing relationship with the House of Yoshida Tsukasa. In fact the fist Oikaze Yoshida, the head of Yoshida Tsukasa was a gyoji. Who decides which of the 2? - Traditionally certain heyas have a Kimura or Shikimori. As they are promoted and granted a senior name, they could either become a Shikimori or Kimura. Why are there more "Kimuras"? - It just so happens that Kimura is more dominant. Why is the 3rd Ooshima gyoji missing from the Sumo Directory? The Takashima one? - Not sure. Who are we talking about here? Why Musashigawa Beya (which is one of the biggest) doesn't have even one gyoji or yobidashi? - I guess they just don't. No logical reason. Perhaps some retired or left but they have not got one lately. Kimura Shonosuke is the gyoji in Asashoryu's bout? Isn't that the biggest yaocho scandal? - Well he will retire soon so the scandal may be shortlived.
  11. Jonosuke

    Sumo Quiz - October 2006

    Onomatsu was well known for his "rural" folklores as famous storytellers loved to talk about him. He must have been a reall character. He passed away in January 1852 so the real historical records are rather sketchy but I just don't find any factual evidence to suggest he had killed himself. But then the fact that Nishi san came up with his name at all speaks a lot about his knowledge on sumo history (as probably it's not a name most of us could conjure up so quickly). "講談などでは" refers to stories told by "Rakugo-ka" of the era and they tended to bend and re-shape facts around to make the story more interesting so I don't put too much into it though I think Onomatsu was one of more colorful yokozunas Ozumo ever had and too bad we don't know more about him. In those days rikishis were "owned" by shoguns or warlords and Onomatsu was no different. Sixty years have passed since Ozumo's authority at the time, the House of Yoshida Tsukasa, granted yokozuna license to Onogawa and Tanikaze. There are questions still debated why there was no yokozuna license issued for so long. Of course the first name that comes up to most people is that of Raiden. Raiden was such fierce competitor that even Onogawa did not want to face him. He had no rival nor equal but he still was not granted the license. So the conspiracy theory continues to this day. Onomatsu was rather unfairly known as the Master of Matta though he did not commit the offense more often than his contemporaries. This namesake is said to have originated from a matta he did agaiinst Inazuma, the seventh yokouzuna, at a royal exhibition tournament with then emperor in attendance. This particular event was staged to show off Onomatsu who just received the license. For this tournament his master (i.e. the shogun whom he served) paid a rather exorbitant amount of money and as a result some later suspected he and his shogun perhaps bought the yokozuna license. Well we really don't know if that was the case for certain. There was another controversy surrounding this tournament Onomatsu's lifelong rival Inazuma was initially granted a yokozuna license from the House of Gojo based in Kyoto, a competing sumo house to the House of Yoshida Tsukasa at the time. Since the House of Yoshida Tsuksasa refused to acknowledge the House of Gojo, Inazuma did not receive the license from the Yoshida even though many thought Inazuma was equally well qualified to be granted the license. In this "Emperor Exhibition Tournament", Inazuma was scheduled to face Onomatsu in the main bout and was to be introduced as a licensed yokozuna with the House of Gojo. Since the House of Yoshida Tsukasa could not have one of "their" yokozuna facing another yokozuna from another group, they grudgingly granted their yokozuna license to Inazuma prior to the tournament so the main card would pit two licensed yokozunas from the House of Yoshida Tsukasa. Of course in those days, they were not really yokozuna but ozeki as it was just a license but still granting of yokozuna license was rather arbitrary to say the least.
  12. Jonosuke

    Gyoji *nosuke news

    This may be more than you want to know stuff but since I am a bit of sumo history buff but anyways.... A role similar to gyoji may have been existed for a long time, but the first real documented gyoji names showed up in a sumo tournament held for Shogunate Nobunaga Oda in 1570. There were two names with gyoji titile: Kise Kura Shuan and Kise Taro Dayu. The second Shonosuke Kimura (1684-1711) was said to be Kise Taro Dayu's grandson but was known as Kisaemon Kimura. The first Shonosuke (1624-44) was believed to be Hasaemon Nakadachi. The first to actually take Shonosuke Kimura name was the fourth. He became Shonosuke Nakadachi from Shonosuke Kokonoe n 1708 and later used Shonosuke Kimura name to perform gyoji duty until around 1725. Actually the current Nakadachi Toshiyori Myoseki was started from the fourth Shonosuke. Then they solidified their gyoji status. The fifth Shonosuke Kimura (1741-1744) became a member of the House of Yoshida Tsukasa, the custodian of everything sumo in those days and for years until the Kyokai cut the tie with them in 1951, this tradition continued. Inosuke Shikimori started out when the first Godayu Isenoumi went to see the 16th Oikaze Yoshida (the head of Yoshida Tsukasa always inherited Oikaze name) in Kumamoto and asked to start a gyoji heya. He was granted "Shikimori" in 1729. He was the first of Shikimori and named himself Godayu Shikimori. The first Inosuke Shikimori was believe to be Inosuke Tani from Shizuoka Prefecture who joined as a rikishi but turned to gyoji and became a second to Shonosuke Kimura. When an old Tokyo Sumo Association was organized in 1889 both Shonosuke Kimura and Inosuke Shikimori became Toshiyori Myoseki but both were removed from the Myoseki list in 1959. However in sumo the traditions rarely die and they are still called "oyakata".
  13. Doitsuyama

    Day 8 lower division results

    It seems like the basho is slipping away from Chiyotenzan; in his first two bouts he won against Sawai and Baruto, now he lost against winless Kotokasuga in juryo and is 2-3. Four more makushita rikishi are 4-0 with a win today, bringing the total to seven. Three of the four today are from the hatsu-dohyo class of 2004. Dewaotori and Kimurayama are pretty well known due to fast rising in the first basho, but Sugita kind of sneaked in behind them, staying for four basho in sandanme with a 3-4 included, but now catching up. Again many of the rikishi who I count as possible future sekitori won, like Ryuo, Shibuya, Daisogen, Isobe, Kagaya, Hakuba, Czech Takanoyama, Kadomoto and Takahashi. One of the bigger talents on the losing side today is Kageyama, losing to Yotsuguruma and falling to 2-2. Nakanishi also is a relatively new rikishi who got off his career with two yusho but hit the wall in sandanme (4-3, 2-5). Now he seems to be catching on again with a 4-0 start. The undefeated rikishi in sandanme are coming from not so many heya as Shotenyu, Gotenyu and Danyu all are from Hatachiyama-beya and the three Tsukasa winning today all are from Irumagawa-beya. Chiyonishiki continues to win in jonidan and is 4-0, as is young Georgian Tsukasaumi. Masuhikari won in jonokuchi to improve to 3-1. -- Doitsuyama Jonokuchi Jk35e Akai (2-2) yoritaoshi Jk38e Izumi (1-2) Jk33w Masuhikari (3-1) oshitaoshi Jk36e Nankaio (2-2) Jk29e Iwashina (2-2) yorikiri Jk30e Kanai (1-3) Jk26e Fukaya (3-1) shitatenage Jk27e Hirai (2-2) Jk24w Asanozawa (2-2) yoritaoshi Jk28e Iwanaga (1-3) Jk23e Tenkaizan (2-2) yorikiri Jk23w Yamamoto (1-3) Jk21w Ishihara (1-3) yorikiri Jk26w Morikawa (0-4) Jk20w Matsuminenoyama (3-1)yoritaoshi Jk20e Koki (2-2) Jk16w Takaogi (3-1) yorikiri Jk18w Nara (2-2) Jk18e Tanakayama (1-3) yorikiri Jk14w Fukunokuni (0-4) Jk13w Koseki (3-1) yoritaoshi Jk15w Iitani (2-2) Jk12e Kawamoto (2-2) okuridashi Jk10w Kotokaneko (1-3) Jk9w Osato (2-2) hikiotoshi Jk8e Zendaisho (1-3) Jk7e Hisatsukasa (3-1) hatakikomi Jk6w Hokutotsukasa (2-2) Jk4e Nakanose (4-0) hatakikomi Jk9e Wakamiura (3-1) Jk5w Tamabuzan (2-2) oshidashi Jk2e Ito (1-3) Jonidan Jd122w Kawai (3-1) yoritaoshi Jk1w Sato (2-2) Jd122e Fujiazuma (3-1) okuridashi Jd120e Kanazawa (2-2) Jd123e Kairyu (2-2) yorikiri Jd119e Fukai (1-3) Jd117e Nakata (3-1) yorikiri Jd116w Tenryuzan (2-2) Jd116e Inui (3-1) yorikiri Jd113e Hariya (2-2) Jd113w Kotsukasa (2-2) oshidashi Jd112e Hasada (1-3) Jd110e Tsukasaumi (4-0) hikiotoshi Jd115w Kozan (3-1) Jd107e Nekomata (2-2) uwatenage Jd108w Marikomaru (1-3) Jd105w Masunoumi (3-1) oshidashi Jd103w Taikomaru (2-2) Jd105e Wakamigo (4-0) yorikiri Jd102w Adachi (3-1) Jd104w Kono (3-1) yorikiri Jd101w Takakimura (2-2) Jd98e Okamoto (2-2) oshidashi Jd101e Araki (1-3) Jd97w Takaoyama (3-1) yorikiri Jd95w Namiki (2-2) Jd94w Oishikawa (2-2) yorikiri Jd96e Kamakari (1-3) Jd93e Takahiryu (4-0) tsukiotoshi Jd99w Jiguruma (3-1) Jd90w Hatachidake (2-2) hatakikomi Jd89w Tokiwakuni (1-3) Jd90e Maenotaka (3-1) uwatenage Jd88w Takahashimoto (2-2) Jd87e Uchiumi (2-2) oshidashi Jd85w Sakai (1-3) Jd92e Echizenyama (1-3) yorikiri Jd84e Nakamoto (0-4) Jd81w Haku (3-1) yorikiri Jd83w Miyakofuji (2-2) Jd79w Fukumoto (2-2) yoritaoshi Jd78w Tsubasaumi (1-3) Jd77w Kawataka (3-1) yoritaoshi Jd79e Kotoemoto (2-2) Jd82w Kotonarita (1-3) tsukiotoshi Jd76e Fusahikari (0-4) Jd75e Onofuji (2-2) tsuridashi Jd73w Azumahana (1-3) Jd72e Kasugaumi (3-1) yorikiri Jd74e Ansei (2-2) Jd69w Takaki (1-3) uwatedashinage Jd75w Ishiminato (0-4) Jd68w Hokuo (2-2) yorikiri Jd67w Daiogi (1-3) Jd66w Daitenyu (3-1) yorikiri Jd68e Hokutonami (2-2) Jd64w Nakatsunishiki (4-0)shitatenage Jd62w Naniwaryu (3-1) Jd65e Aoiyama (3-1) oshidashi Jd61w Matsuhara (2-2) Jd66e Hokutoryu (1-3) yorikiri Jd60e Komaasagiri (0-4) Jd59w Chiyonoretsu (3-1) oshidashi Jd57w Ogami (2-2) Jd54e Tosa (2-2) yorikiri Jd56e Wakatenyu (1-3) Jd56w Yoshida (4-0) yorikiri Jd52w Suzunohana (3-1) Jd51w Yokota (1-3) yorikiri Jd59e Daishokaku (0-4) Jd50w Fukuda (3-1) yorikiri Jd50e Kotoshimoda (2-2) Jd46w Kyokuyuzan (2-2) yorikiri Jd49w Ikedo (1-3) Jd47e Minemura (2-2) kotenage Jd44w Asahisho (1-3) Jd44e Maenofuji (3-1) oshidashi Jd42w Ryushoyama (2-2) Jd43e Onoyama (2-2) okuridashi Jd40w Hirano (1-3) Jd41e Haruhikari (2-2) oshidashi Jd39e Yodonishiki (1-3) Jd37e Yamada (1-3) hatakikomi Jd41w Takagiyama (0-4) Jd38e Tochinokuni (2-2) hikiotoshi Jd36e Hoshiryu (1-3) Jd33w Yamakashira (3-1) utchari Jd37w Tomonofuji (2-2) Jd36w Daishiyama (3-1) yorikiri Jd33e Onizakura (2-2) Jd29e Kongofuji (3-1) oshidashi Jd31w Kabutoiwa (2-2) Jd28w Terunishiki (2-2) yoritaoshi Jd26e Mogaminishiki (1-3) Jd28e Kiyoseryu (3-1) oshidashi Jd23w Araumi (2-1) Jd25w Ginkakuzan (3-1) oshitaoshi Jd21w Sonoda (2-2) Jd21e Takasuruga (3-1) kotenage Jd22w Kirimiyama (2-2) Jd24e Chiyonishiki (4-0) oshidashi Jd19e Hokutoyutaka (3-1) Jd20e Shosho (2-2) yorikiri Jd18w Kainohama (1-3) Jd19w Ogiryu (3-1) okuridashi Jd17w Kasugaryu (2-2) Jd13w Kotobuki (3-1) hikiotoshi Jd16w Oka (2-2) Jd14w Shimasegawa (1-3) oshidashi Jd12w Chiyofubuki (0-4) Jd15w Koga (2-2) yorikiri Jd11e Tochitaiga (1-3) Jd10e Takaryu (2-2) yorikiri Jd8e Oito (1-3) Jd4w Wakataizan (3-1) uwatenage Jd5w Ikemoto (2-2) Jd3e Daise (2-2) yorikiri Jd5e Tamahikari (1-3) Jd2e Genkaimaru (1-3) yoritaoshi Jd9w Sekinoyama (0-4) Jd3w Toma (2-2) oshidashi Sd100e Daihagiyama (1-3) Sandanme Sd99w Daishoki (3-1) shitatenage Sd98w Mankajo (2-2) Sd95e Kanko (2-2) uwatenage Sd97w Chiyomuso (1-3) Sd97e Kubota (3-1) ashitori Sd94e Hoshiazuma (2-2) Sd93e Yutsukasa (4-0) oshidashi Sd95w Seifu (3-1) Sd96e Sadanoumi (2-2) shitatenage Sd92e Nishiuchi (1-3) Sd90w Arashitenyu (2-2) hikiotoshi Sd91w Hokutofuji (1-3) Sd88e Hiyoriyama (3-1) yorikiri Sd90e Yoshinoshima (2-2) Sd85w Tatsutsukasa (4-0) uwatenage Sd89e Tokachiumi (3-1) Sd89w Kyokuhozan (1-3) yorikiri Sd84w Ryusei (0-4) Sd83w Oseumi (2-2) oshidashi Sd81e Kakushoma (1-3) Sd78w Kumago (3-1) yorikiri Sd82e Fusanohana (2-2) Sd78e Kokei (2-2) okuridashi Sd80e Hokuryoyama (1-3) Sd76e Hokutosho (3-1) tsukidashi Sd73w Yuki (2-2) Sd74e Kagemaru (2-2) yorikiri Sd73e Fujiarashi (1-3) Sd71e Karatsuumi (1-3) isamiashi Sd69w Hanakaze (0-4) Sd66w Masuryu (2-2) yorikiri Sd68e Azusayumi (1-3) Sd66e Hatayama (3-1) utchari Sd67w Tensho (2-2) Sd68w Shinyu (2-2) katasukashi Sd65w Shima (1-3) Sd61e Takakiho (2-2) oshidashi Sd63e Dainin (1-3) Sd58e Kagamio (3-1) oshidashi Sd59w Kotomisen (2-2) Sd56w Wakakengo (2-2) yorikiri Sd54w Kurosawa (1-3) Sd53e Nakatani (3-1) yorikiri Sd55w Takainazawa (2-2) Sd53w Tamaryoma (2-2) yorikiri Sd51w Akioka (1-3) Sd52e Asatofuji (3-1) yorikiri Sd49w Mutsuryuyama (2-2) Sd51e Futamusashi (2-2) yorikiri Sd48w Murayoshi (1-3) Sd46w Arauma (2-2) oshidashi Sd47w Nakaita (1-3) Sd47e Yamaryu (3-1) yorikiri Sd44e Seiryu (2-2) Sd43e Akinohana (2-2) yorikiri Sd45e Wakarikido (1-3) Sd42e Hokkairyu (2-2) hikiotoshi Sd40w Hokuryu (1-3) Sd41w Koriki (1-3) oshidashi Sd37w Nankairiki (0-4) Sd39e Nakanishi (4-0) sukuinage Sd35w Hidenofuji (3-1) Sd38e Wakamiume (3-1) oshitaoshi Sd34e Taika (2-2) Sd33e Wakamifuji (3-1) yorikiri Sd30e Tokusegawa (2-2) Sd26e Yutakaumi (1-3) oshidashi Sd32w Soranzan (0-4) Sd23e Sadanofuji (3-1) tsukitaoshi Sd26w Hamaeiko (2-2) Sd22w Ettoryu (2-2) uwatenage Sd25e Takakitamura (1-3) Sd20e Chiyonohana (2-2) hatakikomi Sd18e Hokutogo (1-3) Sd16w Amuru (2-2) yorikiri Sd16e Yoshinoryu (1-3) Sd14w Kyokuryudake (1-3) yorikiri Sd24w Yonemura (0-4) Sd11w Keno (3-1) sukuinage Sd9w Ikioi (2-2) Sd12e Tokitsukasa (4-0) hikiotoshi Sd7e Kazafuzan (3-1) Sd4w Tatsuyutaka (3-1) yoritaoshi Sd8w Takaazuma (2-2) Sd2w Kyokutenzan (1-3) hatakikomi Sd9e Kainowaka (0-4) Makushita Sd5e Maenowaka (4-0) shitatenage Ms60w Tamao (3-1) Ms59e Takanofuji (2-2) yoritaoshi Sd1w Toshinyama (1-3) Ms56w Musashifuji (2-2) oshidashi Ms55w Sadanoshima (1-3) Ms54e Kotonomine (4-0) yorikiri Ms58w Kachimori (3-1) Ms52w Gokenzan (2-2) okuridashi Ms53e Hananosato (1-3) Ms51e Satsukiumi (3-1) shitatenage Ms52e Wakasuruga (2-2) Ms47e Toyonokuni (3-1) oshidashi Ms48e Fujitsukasa (2-2) Ms43w Koriyama (2-2) hatakikomi Ms46w Tochinoyama (1-3) Ms45e Takahashi (3-1) oshidashi Ms42w Daiyuchi (2-2) Ms40w Dewanofuji (2-2) yorikiri Ms41e Kotohikari (1-3) Ms37w Komanofuji (3-1) oshidashi Ms39e Mizakura (2-2) Ms38w Matsumidori (1-3) tsukidashi Ms35e Maikaze (0-4) Ms34e Asahimaru (3-1) hatakikomi Ms35w Teruazuma (2-2) Ms32w Kadomoto (2-2) tsukiotoshi Ms31w Miyamoto (1-3) Ms30w Wakanami (3-1) oshidashi Ms28e Wakatenro (2-2) Ms32e Sugita (4-0) kubinage Ms26w Ichinotani (3-1) Ms25w Hokutojo (2-2) okuridashi Ms30e Kasugakuni (1-3) Ms29w Takanoyama (2-2) shitatenage Ms25e Sotenzan (1-3) Ms24w Hakuba (3-1) sukuinage Ms27e Kotoyutaka (2-2) Ms20e Kagaya (2-2) shitatehineri Ms21e Kotokanyu (1-3) Ms18w Isobe (3-1) yorikiri Ms21w Kakureizan (2-2) Ms17e Tochitenko (1-3) yorikiri Ms23w Yoshio (0-4) Ms16w Kimurayama (4-0) hatakikomi Ms23e Surugatsukasa (3-1) Ms15w Daisogen (3-1) uwatedashinage Ms18e Nakao (2-2) Ms17w Shibuya (2-2) yorikiri Ms14w Daitensho (1-3) Ms13w Yotsuguruma (3-1) sukuinage Ms12w Kageyama (2-2) Ms11e Oga (3-1) hatakikomi Ms12e Koryu (2-2) Ms8w Dewaotori (4-0) tsukiotoshi Ms15e Kirinowaka (3-1) Ms9e Ryuo (3-1) oshidashi Ms7e Yoshiazuma (2-2)
  14. Jonosuke


    Ozeki and sekiwake rankings are no different than what we have today aside from the fact that there was no yokozuna ranking on the banzuke, they were the two top rankings. On the first table, after Tanikaze and Onogawa, there was a span of 30 years before Ounomatsu was granted a yokozuna license. Of course there were other Ozekis such as Arimayama Ryuemon that time but they were never granted the licence by the House of Yoshida Tsukasa so I assume that's the reason the columns were left blank (for the real answer you need to ask the author). Both Tanikaze and Onogawa were sekiwakes already several bashos prior to becoming ozekis so some of the blanks can be filled with them. Incidentally you note that Tanikaze disappeared suddenly in the 1795 Haru Basho as he passed away in January 1795 at the age of 44 years old. Onogawa sort of more or less disappeared shortly after Tanikaze's death with the arrival of Raiden whom he rather not wanted to face.
  15. Jonosuke


    This Ozeki you are speaking of is the 16th Yokozuna Nishioumi Kajiro (the first). In March of 1890, he was granted the yokozuna license from the house of Yoshida Tsukasa but he was ranked below Ozeki Konishiki (later Yokozuna) on the May Banzuke that year and placed as a Haridashi Ozeki. He felt he should not have been ranked below another who has not received the license yet so the Kyokai basically went along with him to put Yokozuna desingation on the banzuke itself for the first time in the history. Any yokozuna after him is actually "ranked" Yokozuna on banzuke while those preceded him were simply "licensed" Yokozunas.
  16. Jonosuke

    Wakashima Gonshiro, Yokozuna 21

    I don't know of any site that has Osaka Banzuke at the moment. I imagine you need to get special reference material available at a place like the Sumo Museum or a major library in Japan to get the banzuke from those days before their merger with the Tokyo. But here are some info on Wakashima FWIW. Born January 19, 1876, Wakashima, the 21st Yokozuna (and 4th Osaka Yokozuna) was the first of four Osaka Sumo based yokozunas granted the yokozuna license (the others are 23rd Okido, 28th Onishiki and 29th Miyagiyama). Wakashima's real name was Kato Daigoro and was born in Ichikawa, Chiba Prefecture. He was big as a kid and soon was taken in by then Ozeki Wakashima. He was 178 cm tall and weighed 107 kg. He had powerful tsupparis and was known for a quick rapid sumo style. He made his dohyo debut in 1890 and in the following year in May he made his Jonokuchi debut. He made his Makuuchi debut at the January 1896. Prior to his Juryo debut in June 1895, his shisho passed away and he moved to Tomozuna Beya. His initial shikona was Matsuwaka but he changed it to Tatekabuto after his senior heya mate Tatekabuto Kyushiro. During a Jyungyo tour in Gifu, there was a major earthquake and Tatekabuto pushed the young Matsuwaka out of the house they were in to save his life while he himself was crushed and buried under the roof and lost his life. Wakashima was considered to be a very good looking rikishi and he became very popular quickly after he started climing up the banzuke. He adopted his old shisho's shikona Wakashima by then but he soon stopped doing any keiko and started going out and drinking too much. After he contacted a smallpox, he felt he could not continue any longer and cut his mage and run away during a jyungyo tour in Kumamoto. But he could not stay away from sumo too long and joined the Kyoto Sumo through Oikari, a major influence there. Soon he was asked by Osaka Sumo's Nakamura Beya to join Osaka Sumo using a new shikona Hidenoumi as there was already Ozeki Wakashima Kouemon. Unlike his Tokyo Basho days, he was a changed man in Osaka, working and training hard and quickly became Komusubi in 1900 and Ozeki in May 1901. He was granted a Yokozuna license from the House of Gojyo in 1903 and in April 1905 he was granted the license from the house of Yoshida Tsukasa. From May 1899 to January 1903 he won 35 consecutive bouts. As a yokozuna Wakashima's record was eight wins and one loss with 27 kyujo days. Including those he had before he was granted by yokozuna license by the House of Yoshida Tsukasa, he had 33 wins, 3 losses, 3 draws and 42 kyujo. There is a reason for his kyujo. After he became yokozuna, he had a bicycle accident during a jyungyo held in Yamaguchi Prefecture. He fell and hit his head hard and he was never the same afterwards. After his retirement in January 1908 he was granted one generation Toshiyori but soon he gave it up and left sumo to pursue stage and theater operations. But this did not last long as he went bankrupt . After failing the business venture he decided to turn to organize a variety of charity events like setting up a home for war widows and orphans. He also built a big Torie at the Yasukuni Shrine. While on the way to Tokyo after being invited by Tatsunami oyakata, he passed away in Kobe from a stroke on October 23, 1943.
  17. Jonosuke

    Ooikari intai

    From a strict sumo record point of view he is actually Ozeki Oikari as he was not licensed to be a Yokozuna by the House of Yoshida Tsukasa but by one time their rival the House of Gojo. He was the last "Yokozuna" from Kyoto Sumo. Ozeki Oikari Montaro was born in Aichi Prefecure on March 20 1871 (some say February 22, 1869). He had his dohyo debut in May 1885. He was promoted to Ozeki in June 1895. Oikari Montaro was a bit of joker and was not considered by the Kyokai executives to be the one becoming of and suited to be Ozeki. After his promotion to Ozeki he hardly did any training and his own antagonism towards the Kyokai was fueled even more when he was made a Haridashi after getting Kachikoshi and was subsequently demoted after a Makekoshi. In May 1896 Oikari Montaro finally had it and escaped to Kyoto Sumo. He was granted a Yokozuna license by the House of Gojo in May 1899. In 1910 he was invited by two men from England to come to the London Expo and he led 30 odd rikishis and gyojis from Kyoto Sumo to participate. The tour was a great success. After the event they toured other parts of Europe (apprently this turned into a pretty interesting series of wild travel adventure) and even travelled to North America. They finally ended up in South America and were greeted wildly by Japanese immigrants there. Most of the rikishis eventurally returned to Japan but Oikari and Ozeki Houhou stayed in Argentina to help out Japanese immigrants and started their own business which more or less failed. The last contact from Oikari was from Venezuela and he was considered to have perished there. By their main Yokozuna missing and was away for an extended period of time from their local bashos, his departure was a start of the decline and eventual demise of Kyoto Sumo.
  18. Manekineko

    Shikona meanings

    Here is the promised information of origin of 40 makuuchi rikishi (banzuke of kyushu 2003), translated from NHK sumo magazine. Errors and misunderstandings quite possible, so to be taken with a pinch of salt... AMINISHIKI Named by his oyakata. "A" from Ajigawa combined with the image of beautiful brocades of his hometown. ASASEKIRYU Named by his oyakata, to be similar to Asashoryu. Now his fans and friends only send him red-coloured presents. ASASHORYU Named by the principal of his Alma mater, Meitoku High, professor Yoshida Keiichi, after the "Blue Dragon temple (Seiryuji)" up whose steps he used to run for training while in high school, to remind him of his second hometown (after Mongolia) and his determination. BUYUZAN Changed it for luck. Wanted the "Bu/Mu" sign (from Musashigawa), and the sound "Buyuzan", also considered alternative spelling but found this one pretty. Often gets encouraging letters from denizens of Buyu(?)-ichi in Saga, and people named Takeo (same kanji as Buyu). CHIYOTAIKAI Decided after talk with his mother. "Big sea" because his hometown largely depends on the sea, and also because it has the meaning of swallowing all negative things. "Chiyo" bears the meaning of eternity, and the name "Ryuji"(2 dragons) completes the meaning into "Eternally swallowing all negative things, he will rise like a dragon", his mother's prayer for his success. DEJIMA A fairly common surname in Kanezawa. He should have gotten a new shikona upon juryo promotion, but as his name is Takeharu (Take=Mu of Musashigawa) it was discussed whether to change his first name too, to avoid having two "Mu/Take" in the shikona. Then oyakata decided that Dejima Takeharu really sounded good and was easy to remember, and so it stayed. HOKUTORIKI Named by his oyakata. Modification of Takatoriki, to inspire him to do the same sort of spirited sumo. IWAKIYAMA Changed after streak of injuries, by his oyakata's suggestion. Mt. Iwaki is the symbol of his hometown, and he strives to be worthy of it. JUMONJI When first promoted to juryo he was given a shikona, but he was demoted after just one basho and the languished there for over a year. SO he changed back to his real name a regained juryo in just two basho. Since that is an unusual surname, "and it looks like a shikona, so it's ok". KAIO Picked from several suggestions by his oyakata. "Kai" from his oyakata (he was his first deshi), and "O" from the misspelling/misreading of his hometown Nogata as "Ogata". KAKIZOE It's his real name. He might change it when he reaches even higher ranks, though. KASUGANISHIKI Given by his oyakata, presumably. "Kasuga" from his stable. KINKAIYAMA Changed it for luck from "Kinnoumi", resulting in 10 straight kachikoshi and makuuchi promotion. KOTOMITSUKI Chosen from three alternatives offered by his oyakata, liked it because of its sound and implied bright prospects. KOTONOWAKA Already with this shikona he suffered bad-luck streak, and after falling to sandanme decided to change it if he loses just one more bout. So he won zensho yusho, and after a year without makekoshi reached juryo promotion. KOTORYU Named by the advice of a teacher, from several possibilities chosen as the most auspicious. KYOKUSHUZAN Named by his parents. In Mongolia, "eagle" (Shu) is the heavenly animal, symbol of strength, and is respected because of it. He did have problems remembering his shikona at first, and was teased mercilessly by his elder heya-mates until he remembered it. KYOKUTENHO Named by his oyakata, because his height and looks reminded him of great Taiho in his youth. So, to Taiho was added one stroke to make "Tenho". The shikona contains hope of becoming an ozeki or yokozuna. MIYABIYAMA He always wanted to use "Miyabi" kanji from his real name Masahito. He was thinking of "Miyabiumi" or "Miyabikaze", especially the last one since it associated windlike freedom of movement. But his childhood sumo-trainer, Oso Masato (Musoyama's father) suggested "Miyabiyama", and the strength of mountain as the fitting choice. MUSASHIMARU His oyakata suggested it, "Musashi" from the stable, and "maru" from his real name Fiamalu. Added is the name "Koyo" (shining sea) to complete the image of a famous ship crossing the shining Pacific and returning triumphantly to Hawaii. MUSOYAMA Chosen from two alternatives (other was Musoumi) jointly by himself, his father and his oyakata. "Mu" came from "Musashigawa" and "so" is the "futa" from the famous Futabayama. OTSUKASA Named by his oyakata, presumably, "tsukasa" coming from his oyakata's active days' shikona. Unfortunately, it is frequently misread as "Koji" or "Oji", because he still isn't famous enough. SHIMOTORI His real name. The former Tokitsukaze-oyakata told him that he will get a new shikona upon reaching juryo, but didn't. So Shimotori thought it was in order to inspire him to reach Makuuchi quickly, and eventually remained Shimotori still. TAKAMISAKARI Given by his oyakata, who was inspired by sake commercials on TV to take "sakari" and add it to "Takami" from his active days' shikona. Other candidates were "Takamimori" and "Takamijo", but Takamisakari immediately liked his shikona and pestered his oyakata until he was given it. TAKANONAMI Given by his oyakata, joining "Taka" from his shikona "Takanohana" with Takanonami's real name "Namioka". It seems the promotion to juryo took the oyakata by surprise, so he just put it together in a hurry. There was talk once of changing the "no" kanji, but it stopped. He doesn't feel that the change of name can influence his luck, so he will fight under this shikona until the end. TAKANOWAKA Given by his oyakata, who combined the first kanji of his shikona "Takanosato" with his own oyakata's (Wakanohana I) kanji. TAKEKAZE His oyakata offered him to choose from: Iwakaze, Takekaze, Miyabikaze. In the end he took "Takekaze" which contains kanji from his oyakata's first name "Kouki". TAMAKASUGA Combination of "Tama" from his oyakata and name of his junior highschool's sumo dojo, "Kasuga-kan". TAMANOSHIMA He was very nervous when he informed his oyakata he wanted to change his name from Tamanonada to Tamanoshima, because that was the name of heya's legendary yokozuna Tamanoumi until his ozeki promotion. TAMARIKIDO Chosen from three suggestions by his oyakata. Combines the traditional "Tama" of his heya with the shikona of late Rikidozan from the same ichimon. TOCHIAZUMA He received his shikona from his father and oyakata. His okamisan and mother didn't like it, saying "It's a shikona of many injuries". TOCHINONADA Combines the traditional "Tochi" of Kasugano-beya with "nada" (ocean) since he comes from a fishing family in a town on the coast of Japanese sea. Allegedly, announcers' tongues often trip when pronouncing it. TOCHISAKAE Changed it in time of injuries by advice of the pricipal of his alma mater, Saitama Sakae High, to remind him of happier school times. TOKI Taking "To" from his idol who he wants to emulate, Takatoriki, he and his seniors in the heya searched the dictionary for a fitting second kanji. He started growing sideburns at the same time, so that his looks would match the fierceness of his shikona. TOKITSUUMI Given by his oyakata Tokitsukaze, "umi" (sea) because he comes from the coast. TOSANOUMI Named by his shisho, "Tosa" because he comes from Kochi province, and "umi" because Kochi reminds of the sea. TOYOZAKURA Named by his father, who was a sandanme-ranked rikishi once. WAKANOSATO Given by his oyakata upon request, same as Takanowaka combined from "Takanosato" his oyakata, and "Wakanohana" his oyakata's oyakata. He feels the weight of that shikona... WAKATOBA Named by his oyakata, from "Akatoba", famous horse from Annals of three kingdoms, in order to inspire him to be quickwitted as a rabbit ("to") and wild as a horse ("ba").He won't tell whether he read the Annals or not. YOTSUKASA Given by his oyakata, presumably, so his sumo would be as brilliant as fire. As the kanji "yotsu" cannot be written on personal computers, it can be mistaken with a similar kanji, so he was called "Kabatsukasa" once.
  19. Chinonofuji

    who is raiden?

    I was wondering why Raiden was never made Yokozuna. For the answer to this, and some other good info, here's a post from Masumi Abe to the Sumo ML in 1995. "Ozeki Raiden Tame'emon was born at Ouishi-mura in Nagono-ken in 1767 as Tarokichi Seki. His father was Han'emon Seki, a poor farmer. He was very big and strong, even when he was young. When he was 17 years old, he joind Urakaze-beya during their Shinshu Jungyo and went to Edo to be a rikishi. He was debuted at November Basho in 1790, at Sekiwake rank as his very first basho as rikishi. At the same time, he was sponsored by Unshu-Matsudaira, a feudal lord. At the first basho, he did not lose a match and became the best rikishi for the basho. His size was 197 cm 169 kg. Raiden Tame'emon waas active for 32 basho 21 years. His record was 254 wins 10 losses, 2 "hikiwake" draws, and 19 "azukari" no contests, with .925 winning rate or .962 winning against "contest" matches. His only losing match against any ozeki was a match against Ozeki Kashiwado, his 11th and the last ozeki he ever faced. Raiden has never being honored Yokozuna, though he was clearly the best ozeki, ever and probably the best rikishi ever in sumo. This was probably because the combination of: 1. He did not care Yokozuna and content with the best rank of Ozeki. 2. His sponsor was not thrilled by the idea of Raiden being honored by his rival feudal lord who had rights to honor yokozuna to an ozeki. Matudaira was a close relative to Tokugawa Shogunate and Yoshida Tsukasa family who was in charge of managing sumo business was a samural family under Hosokawa clan in Kumamoto, who historically fought against Tokugawa. He was not only strong ozeki, but he was very gentle and intelligent person. His journal "Raiden Journal" or "Shokoku Sumo Hikae-cho" (Journal of Sumo in Various States) is very famous and written for 27 years between 1789 to 1815. He died on February 11, 1825 at age 59. His graves are in Akasaka, Tokyo-to, Oishi, Nagano-ken, and Matsue, Shimane-ken. Latter two graves hold only his hair. On Yokozuna Memorial Stone "Yokozuna Rikishi-Hi" at Fukagawa Tomigaoka Hachimangu in Tokyo, Raiden Tame-emon's name joined with all yokozuna as an "Exceptional" rikishi (Murui Rikishi). He was truely exceptional and best among rikishi of all time."